Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
The lack of insuline leads to increased blood and urine glucose. The classical symptoms are polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), polyphagia (increased hunger) and weight loss.
The cause of diabetes mellitus type 1 is unknown.
Serious long-term complications related to high blood sugar include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers and damage to the eyes. Furthermore, complications may arise from low blood sugar caused by excessive insulin treatment.
It’s sometimes called “juvenile” diabetes, because type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers, though it can develop at any age. Globally, the number of people with DM type 1 is unknown, although it is estimated that about 80,000 children develop the disease each year.